It’s never a good look to have spots of eliquid all over your white chinos when you’re busy painting the town red. Unfortunately there’s no 100% fool-proof method to eliminate leaks from your tank, due to the devastating duality of gravity and airholes, but with proper care and maintenance, these leaks can almost be eliminated completely.
We always advise getting to know your device properly before use, and to clean your tank regularly. For quick tips on cleaning your tank, see our helpful guide.
Sometimes leaks can occur when a coil has simply expired and needs to be replaced.
Avoid getting eliquid in the center tube, this is the airflow chimney, and must remain clear at all times.
The coil can become loose when removing the base for refilling, ensure this has been tightened before using again. Also ensure you’re threading correctly, and not crooked or cross-threading.
Always use and store your tank upright. Leaving the tank on its side or upside down will allow eliquid to seep through the holes, including the airflow chimney and mouthpiece. Because, gravity.
Ensure no eliquid is sitting under the coil, as instead of being vaporized from the wicking material, this eliquid will simply boil, and create a gurgling sound.
Sometime when inhaling too forcefully in your tank, this can induce flooding, as too much eliquid is drawn into the coil from the tank, but not enough has been vaporized.
Not using your device at a high enough wattage can also induce flooding, due the same principle of too much eliquid to rate of vaporization.
If your tank has an airflow system, close the airholes when refilling the tank, as this creates a cushion of air when rotated back to the upright position. As air is drawn up through the airflow, more will replace it, and this maintains the cushion of air in the airflow chamber, preventing eliquid from flowing through it.
Ensure your coil is sitting firmly in the base unit, must not be overtightened, just hand tight. A coil that is not firmly fitted will allow eliquid to seep through the threading. This goes for all parts of the tank, ensure everything is just hand tight, as over tightening can break the seals, and cause leaks.
These are just a few tips to help stem any potential leaks that my arise from your vape tank. For general tips on maintaining all of your vaping equipment, please see our Vape Maintenance Guide. If you have any issues or queries about any of these tips, please contact our team.
In short, Sub Ohm vaping means the heating coil has a resistance value of less than 1.0 ohms. ‘Sub’ simply means ‘below’ in Greek, so it can be considered ‘below’ one ohm.
A low resistance coil such as a Sub Ohm allows for a higher amount of current and more electrical energy to reach the coil quicker, and this means the coil will heat up at a faster rate, and will reach a higher temperature. A hotter coil will allow for a larger amount of eliquid to be vaporized at one time, and when combined with an open airflow, will increase both flavour and vapour production.
Sub Ohming with Nicotine and Eliquid
Due to the increase in temperature when using a Sub Ohm coil, a larger quantity of vapour is produced than with a coil rated above 1.0 ohm. Within this larger quantity of vapour will be a higher percentage of nicotine, as more has been vapourised due to the increase in heat. As such, we don’t recommend using a strength higher than 6mg, as higher strengths tend to taste harsh under these conditions for the vast majority of vapers.
Vapers who Sub Ohm also have a tendency to use eliquids high in VG, as it has almost no throat hit on its own, and also produces larger and denser clouds. Heating eLiquid at higher temperatures allows for these bigger clouds and flavour, but one of the downsides is that you’ll also be vapourising more of your ejuice at a higher rate, meaning you’ll be refilling your tank sooner than you may be used to.
Mouth to Lung VS Direct to Lung
If you’re just starting, or are already on your vaping journey, it’s fair to assume that you’ve been a regular smoker for a period of time. Traditional tobacco cigarettes are consumed by first drawing smoke into the mouth, and then inhaling into the lung; a two-stage process that’s referred to as Mouth-To-Lung.
While this method is also applicable to vaping, the Sub Ohm method requires a slightly different approach, and is referred to as Direct-To-Lung. This method requires the user to inhale straight into the lungs, bypassing the mouth stage, and is similar to using a shisha pipe.
Is Sub Ohm Better?
In short, yes and no. It depends what you’re looking to get out of your vaping experience. Both high and low resistance coils offer a different vaping experience, and each have different benefits and drawbacks. A lot of vapers have been quite happy and continue to use regular coils (between 1.0 – 2.0 ohms), and devices such as Aspire’s Nautilus tank have stood the test of time and remained exceptionally well-regarded among the vaping community.
Generally speaking, Sub Ohming is suitable for more experienced vapers looking to push the boundaries of flavours and vapour, whereas mouth-to-lung vaping is better suited to beginners and those looking for just a simple way to consume nicotine without smoking tobacco.
Sub Ohm Vape Kit – What You’ll Need
In order to successfully Sub Ohm vape you’ll need four main things; a tank with a wide airflow, a Sub Ohm coil that’s compatible with your tank, a mod capable ofproviding enough power (usually at least 30w), and an eliquid high in VG (60% and above) and low in nicotine (6mg or below)
A wide airflow on a tank is needed to cool down the coil, and also to produce the large cloud of vapour. You’ll need a coil that’s capable of allowing a large amount of electrical current though, and also a mod that’s powerful enough to reach to around 30w. Use eliquids that are high in VG to get the best experience, as these particular eliquids create the smoothest vapour without the harshness that high PG can create.
We can often overlook things that are so ingrained in our lives. A rack of kitchen knives are great tools for feeding us, but also can be dangerous implements when not properly used, or stored. The same can also be said for batteries. We can forget that the simple battery contains a concentrated source of power, and to think they don’t need some care and TLC, is to not give the humble battery the respect it truly deserves.
We’ve compiled the following tips as a way of helping those who aren’t sure, because we understand it’s a little confusing when you’ve found an alternative to smoking, and have suddenly ended up with a bunch of batteries. They’re an essential part of our modern lives, and with correct use and care, can continue to be a help, and not a hinderance on our ecigarette journey.
Safety Tips For Vape Batteries
Please ensure spare batteries are stored correctly, ideally in a protective box or silicone sleeve, or another protective material. This ensures your batteries cannot be knocked, scratched, or dented, and will prolong the life of them. Do not use a battery if it has been dented or compromised, and don’t let it come into contact with water.
Don’t expose your battery to extreme heat or cold, and refrain from charging in cold temperatures or direct sunlight. The charging process for a battery is much more sensitive that discharging, and extra care should be taken because of this. It’s unlikely you’ll find yourself in need of a charge atop a volcano or in an igloo, but you may be considering charging a device in your car during the summer sunshine, which we do not advise, due to the potential changes in the car’s atmosphere over a period of time.
Also if using a sub ohm coil, make sure your battery can handle the amps. If in doubt, please ask in your local vape shop or give us a call. Always buy from a reputable retailer that you trust.
Please don’t leave batteries charging over-night, or unattended. This is not just limited to vaping devices, and goes for all rechargeable batteries in all their many uses. If you find that your battery is taking a very long time to charge, chances are it will need to be replaced. Remove and dispose safely.
Always use the correct charging equipment for your device, if in doubt see advice from your supplier. Most dedicated consumer chargers, such as the NiteCore range, offer many intelligent features that vastly improve the safety of electrical charging, but care should be taken regardless.
The PVC wrapping around your battery may seem initially like a nice decorative colour, but it actually has a very important function. Be careful that this wrapping has not become compromised, as tears and rips that expose the battery underneath can cause the battery to short out, especially when close to the negative and positive contact points. Please don’t worry if the wrapping has come off your battery, they are replacement wraps that can be purchased online, but do not use the battery until it is safely wrapped again.
Please note: These tips are far from a definitive list of everything you should know about vaping safety, and we always advise to conduct your own research. This guide is specifically about safety with batteries, for information on general vaping safety please see our guide.
You may be just a beginner to vaping, brand new to the whole culture, or perhaps you’ve been visiting a friend, and you’ve seen they have a vaping device that’s peaked your interest. Maybe you’re a smoker desperate to quit, and can’t find another way to do so. Regardless of how you may have found your way to here, this beginners guide to vaping aims to give you the knowledge to be confident in picking the right vaping kit/equipment for you, as well as choosing what you need for it. If you’d like more information on the eLiquids used in these devices, then please see our guide.
History Of The E-Cigarette
The first e-cigarette can be traced back to American inventor, Herbert A Gilbert, who patented a design for a device that “replaces burning tobacco and paper with heated, moist, flavored air”.
While he produced some prototypes, his e-cigarette didn’t receive much attention, mainly due to the popularity and prevalence of tobacco cigarettes at the time.
It wasn’t until 2003 when Chinese pharmacist Hon Lik patented the modern design that we’ve become familiar with today.
Purpose Of An E-Cigarette
Starting from the very beginning, the purpose of an ecigarette is simply to deliver a portion of nicotine to its user. In order to do this, nicotine is mixed into a gel-like liquid substance consisting of a special blend of organic compounds, which then can be easily absorbed into cotton, and vapourised within a heated coil, where the resulting vapour is inhaled by the user.
What Is A Cigalike?
Although all e-liquid vapourisers function in essentially the same way, the cigalike is the most basic e-cigarette device, and looks very similar to a traditional tobacco cigarette, both in terms of its size and aesthetics.
The bottom bit of the ecigarette, where the filter/butt on a tobacco cigarette would be, is referred to as a Cartomiser, and this is what contains the heating element, and the vapable eLiquid.
The long, white bit on the ecigarette is the battery, and this contains the charge used to power the device, and vapourise the eLiquid.
The cartomiser on a cigalike is disposable, and once the eliquid runs out, it will have to be replaced.
Which Is A Basic Vape Kit?
Moving on from cigalikes, the next level of ecigarette hardware are the most basic eGO and EVOD style kits.
These can be thought of as the vaping equivalent of a biro or bic pen, in that the initial design has been generalized, copied, and slightly altered by a number of different companies, all released under the eGo or EVOD title.
Similar to the cigalike ecigarette, the eGo/EVOD instead allows the user to refill the top bit, instead of having to purchase pre-filled cartomisers.
While the kit is still disposable, and parts will have to be replaced after a period of time, the eGo/EVOD kit still offers advantages over the cigalike, as they generally house a larger capacity battery, as well as the ability to personalise and refill the vape flavour.
What Is A Vape Tank? (Top Bits)
If you’ve purchased yourself a basic piece of kit, you might be looking to upgrade the top bit, or clearomiser tank.
There’s many to choose from, and often with different attributes that will alter the vaping experience slightly.
The very basic clearomiser tanks are made from polycarbonate plastic and include GS-H2’s, CE4’s and CE5’s. You might recognize these if you have an eGO or EVOD kit, as it’s the tank that comes as standard with that kit.
Other tanks are made from sturdier materials, such as steel and glass, and some also offer an airflow system that cools the vapour before it reaches the mouth-piece.
What Are Replaceable Coils?
These replaceable coils (sometimes referred to as a coil, atomiser head, heating element or atomiser) are the aspect of the ecigarette that affects the vaping experience the most, with a vast range of different coils for a number of different functions and uses. Coils are the part of a vape device that heats the eliquid up to the point of vapourisation.
With these more upmarket clearomiser tanks, only the coil will need to be replaced, rather than the entire unit. However, due to this, your tank will require regular cleaning and maintenance in order to remain in good service.
Some coils have low resistance and allow for more power, and a large amount of vapour to be produced, whereas others have higher resistance, requiring less power, and provide a smaller and cooler amount of vapour.
What Is A Vape Mod? (Bottom Bits)
The bottom part of your ecigarette device is most commonly referred to as a mod, and this contains the battery needed to power the device.
The most basic mods, such as the cigalikes, do not even contain an on and off switch, and are activated by simply inhaling on the device.
Other more upmarket mods do have buttons and switches, and can also feature adjustable settings to alter the vaping experience, and can provide more or less vapour on a single inhalation. Premium mods will sometimes feature a visual display, usually an LCD screen, to assist in changing the settings more easily.
Integrated And Replaceable Batteries
An important thing to note is that some mods will have a built in, or integrated battery, that cannot be removed, whereas others require a separate replaceable battery that can be removed and recharged quite easily.
Regardless of their construction and settings, the vast majority of mods on the market have circuitry and safety protection, and these are referred to as Regulated Mods.
What Are Mech Mods, And What Is Temperature Control?
The most advanced vaping devices on the market are technologically the simplest, even more so than the basic cigalike.
Referred to as Mechanical mods, they feature no settings or power regulation, and due to this, they can be potentially dangerous to use without vaping experience, as there are no safety settings to cut the power if something goes wrong. All that’s needed to turn on a Mech Mod, is to simply to insert the battery. There is usually no screen, no buttons, or any settings, and this makes Mech Mods some of the easiest to use, and also the most dangerous for inexperienced vapers.
While most mods operate using a range of watts or volts, we should mention that there are some more modern vaping devices that use a Temperature Control function to control the heating process. A TC mod works by measuring the resistance of the coil, and then predicts how that resistance changes depending on the power being supplied. TC does require certain parameters to work properly, including a mod with the function, and a heating coil made from either Nickel or Titanium.
Here’s a quick recap of the main points we’ve discussed in this article:
Combination of tank and battery
Pre-filled with eliquid
Combination of tank and battery
Disposable polycarbonate clearomiser tank
Houses heating element
Usually made from glass and steel
Heats the eliquid
Available in a variety of types and resistances
Houses the battery
Often provides adjustable settings
For more advanced users
Predicts how coil resistance changes depending on the power being supplied.
For advanced users
Can be potentially dangerous without knowledge and experience
For any questions, or more information on any of these parts or devices, please don’t hesitate to contact our team.
How to choose your nicotine strength is one of the more confusing parts of beginning your vaping journey, and if you’re still unsure about the general properties of eLiquids, please see our Beginner’s Guide to ELiquid before reading on.
If you’re ever unsure of which strength to use, and if in doubt, we always advise going for the lower one. A lower strength can always be vaped through, even if it’s not strong enough, whereas an eliquid with too much nicotine can leave the user with an unpleasant experience, and not being able to vape their eliquid due to it being too strong.
It initially can be difficult to choose your nicotine strength, as there’s not a completely effective way of comparing eLiquids to traditional tobacco cigarettes. If you’re at the stage where you’re looking to replace smoking with vaping, it’s fair to assume you’re a regular smoker already, and we generally advise going in at around 12mg, as it’s strong enough to give a kick, but not too over-powering.
Another factor that affects nicotine strength would be how often you think you might vape during a day. Similar to having a traditional cigarette break, some vapers will go outside and have a few puffs on a high strength, whereas other vapers can happily sit and chain vape all day on a lower strength. Nicotine is still administered in both methods, but at a differing rate to suit the user.
The general rule (a rough guide) is that if you were a heavy smoker previously and with strong cigarettes, you’ll probably want to look towards the high nicotine strengths, but if you were more of a light cigarette smoker, you will want to use a lower level of nicotine to get an experience that’s as close as possible to what you would be used to.
Also when choosing your nicotine strength, you’ll need to consider the method of vaping you’ll be using. If using a Sub Ohm device, we don’t advise using an eliquid higher than 6mg (0.6%) of nicotine, as vaping with a sub ohm device will vapourise a higher percentage of nicotine than with a mouth-to-lung device. If using a mouth-to-lung style device, you’re generally free to use any nicotine strength you prefer.
So you’ve just started vaping or are just looking to get into it, and you’ve seen the many wonderful and varied flavours currently available on the market. At this point you may be wondering what exactly is an eLiquid, and why using it means you can be cigarette and smoke free! We aim to clarify all the useful terms, information, and other bits and pieces to hopefully get you on the vaping track and eliminate smoking tobacco cigarettes.
Starting from right at the very beginning, the purpose of an ecigarette is simply to deliver a portion of nicotine to its user. In order to do this, nicotine is mixed into a gel-like liquid substance called eLiquid or eJuice. This eJuice can be easily absorbed into cotton, and vapourised within a heated coil, where the resulting vapour is inhaled by the user.
What Is eLiquid?
Eliquid, at it’s most basic, is made up of four main ingredients: Propylene Glycol, Vegetable Glycerin, Nicotine, and Flavourings.
Despite the strange sounding names, Propylene Glycol and Vegetable Glycerin are extremely common and generally considered harmless.
They are often abbreviated to PG and VG, respectively.
Both PG and VG are types of organic compounds (naturally occurring substances) and appear in a wide variety of products including cough medicine, toothpaste, and asthma inhalers.
They also appear in edible items such as ice-cream, whipped dairy products, and coffee-based drinks.
What Is PG And VG?
Both VG and PG have differing properties, and combining them creates what is generally considered to be the optimal basis for nicotine vapourisation.
Propylene Glycol is a very thin and runny liquid that carries flavour very well, and tends to contribute to a large portion of the throat hit found when vaping some e-liquids.
Because of its ability to carry flavour so efficiently, the flavourings used in e-liquids are usually mixed with PG before being mixed with the other ingredients. It has been known to affect minor allergies in a small number of users, but these tend to be uncommon.
Vegetable Glycerin, on the other hand, is usually derived from Vegetable Oil, and is quite a viscous liquid, similar to a gel.
It has a naturally sweet taste, and when vaped, it produces a thick, dense cloud of vapour.
Compared to PG, it is much smoother, and has no discernible throat hit when used on it’s own.
Here’s a quick list with the main characteristics of VG and PG:
Vegetable Glycerin (VG):
• Has a naturally sweet taste
• Is thicker than PG
• Produces more vapour
• Lingers in the air longer
• Produces a weaker throat hit
Propylene Glycol (PG):
• Is thinner than VG
• More easily absorbed
• Dissipates from the air quicker
• Produces a stronger throat hit
• Can affect allergies in minority of users
What Are ELiquid Ratios?
As both PG and VG contain these differing properties that work well together, they are almost always found as the main ingredients in eLiquids, in a variety of different ratios.
The most common ratios on the market tend to be 50VG and 70VG (which stands for 50% VG to 50% PG, and 70% VG to 30% PG respectively).
This ratio decides on how thick the eLiquid will be – the more VG there is, the smoother and thicker the liquid will be, and conversely the more PG there is, the runnier the eJuice, and the stronger the throat hit will be.
Generally thicker liquids with a higher VG content will be better suited to more powerful Sub Ohm clearomiser tanks such as the Kanger TopTank or Aspire Atlantis tank, rather than smaller, non-sub ohm tanks that would better suited to a mouth to lung vape style, such as the Nautilus or a standard CE5 clearomiser.
How Is Nicotine Used?
Nicotine is for a lot of vapers the most important component of e-liquid. Despite this, it is also a completely optional part of vaping – there are many, many vapers that have left nicotine behind and simply enjoy vaping for what it is. For those that do use nicotine, liquid comes in a wide variety of strengths ranging from 1.5mg to 18mg. This strength refers to the amount of nicotine found in each millilitre (ml) of liquid and can also be seen represented as a percentage. 18mg liquid can be referred to as 1.8% nicotine, 6mg as 0.6% and so on, so forth.
For help on choosing the right nicotine strength, please see our guide.